> >
<<
>>
<< >>

11.4.

11.4.1 -

11.3 , , 11.3, , (, ). .

11.4. . , , , , X

, , , . , :

, .

(11.3), (11.6) (11.7) ,

,

. . 7 . , , , , - .

[Heckman (1976)], . [Amemiya (1984)] -- II. , - 11.3

- , [Heckman (1976)]. - , [Berndt, Hall, Hall and Hausman (1974)]. - , . , , , . :

1) 11.3; 2) , ; 3) .

, :

1) X, ;

2) X, 8 X

3)

, , .

11.4.2. -

11.4 :

, (11.5) 11.3. , , , .

-: 1) 2) . , , . . 11.1 , . , . , .

. 11.1.

, , . , , . , , . , , . 11.1. , , . .

11.5. . [Lillard, Smith and Welch (1982), (1986)] 11.4 (Current Population Survey, CPS) 1970, 1975, 1976 1980 . 1980 . 32879 16 65 , ( . 27909 4970 . , [Box and (1964)]. X :

1) ;

2) (5 : 8, 911, 12, 13-15, 16+);

3) (4 :

4) ;

5) ( );

6) (1 , );

7) (, );

8) (1 , 0 - );

9) (1 2 ).

, . . . , .

11.1. (. ) ( 1980 .)

. . . 11.1 , 1) () , , , 2) () 11.4. - (. (11.9)). . 11.1 , ) - , .

11.2. (. )

[Lillard, Smith and Welch (1982)] . . 11.2 , (), 1 ( ) 0,45, - . .

. 11.2 . , , . . , , . , , , . , .

[Lillard, Smith and Welch (1982)] , 73% , , . [Rubin (1983)], , (), , . , , , , CPS/IRS, [David, Little, Samuchel and Triest (1986)].

11.4.3.

, [Heckman (1976)], -. -. . , . .

X, , ), (11.6) (11.7) ,

. : 1) - ; 2) - . . , .

, , (11.11). , (11.11) , , . . . , 11.5 , , . , , , .

. 11.1 11.5. (10,0373 9,0816), , 60% , . . . [Lillard, Smith and Welch (1982)] . [Little (1985)] .

, - [Olsen (1980)] [Olsen (1980); Greenlees, Reece and Zieschang (1982)]. CPS. , (32 (. 6).

<< >>