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8.3.

8.2 . . - -, . - . : .

- . - -, , . . , .

8.1. . , -, , . , , , . - -, [Rubin and Szatrowski (1982)].

- - :

, 3 , . , , , . , . ( ) [. Szatrowski (1978)], -

.

, ), -

:

(8.3) . .

- . . - - , [. Holland and Wightman (1982); Rubin and Szatrowski (1982)].

, ( , (8.4)) .

8.2. . - - , . , . . , .

, - , , (. . ). , . - , 8.1. , (8,4) , Y, , Z. [Rubin and Thayer (1982), (1983)] , :

1) ( ) ;

2) ;

3) .

1 , 2 3 (confirmatory) .

1 - , :

2 - ( , (8.5) Z. [Rubin and Thayer (1982)] . 3, 2, . -

, 1, - .

8.1, , - . : , , , .

8.3. . , . - , , - [. Dempster, Laird and Rubin (1977); Dempster, Rubin and Tfcutakawa (1981)]. [Snedecor and Cochran (1967), - . 230].

. , . . 8.1. . , , .

8.1, (. )

, , , , , , - .

, . ,

.

( ), - - , , , 0:

:

-

-. , , , .

-, , [., , Brownlee (1965), 10.4].

- , ., , X [., , Dempster, Rubin and Tsutakawa (1981); Laird and Ware (1982)].

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