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7.4. -

:

. , (7.13),

0, . :

, , , .

(7.14) 6, , :

, [. Rao (1972), . 47]

- 0. GEM, - (generalized ), , (7.16) - GEM-. , , (7.16) (7.15). , - GEM- . , [Dempster, Laird and Rubin (1977)].

7.1. GEM- , . .

,

1. , , . GEM-

.

2. , 6, 6. GEM-

7.1 , GEM- , (.. , GEM-.

, -, 7.2, , , .

7.2. , - ,

) , , . .

) 0;

) - 0, .

, . .

, , ,

.

- [Dempster, Laird and Rubin (1977); Wu (1983)], , :

1) ,

2) () ,

3) , 0.

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