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5.4.

5.4.1.

, . ,

, , ,

, .

, [Little and Rubin (1983)] , , -, , .

5.4.2.

, , (. . 2). [DeGroot and Goel (1980)] , , , . [Press and Scott (1976)] , (5.17) (, Vmis). [Box, Draper and Hunter (1970)], [Bard (1974)] : .

, (5.10). , , , , . .

, , . , -, . , , , , , . , .

5.4.3.

5.16. . , , , . .

, , . 5.7

,

(5.21) :

5.1 , :

(5.22) (5.23) (5.20),

, - , ,

. (, ), , , .

5.17. , X, . , . , , 5.16, -, .

5.18. . 5.16 5.17 , . , . , 5.14, , , () , . (5.18) ( ) , , , , .

[Press and Scott (1976); Little and Rubin (1983)], , .

(. )

(. )

(. )

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